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Women and Newborn Health Library (WNHL): Zika Virus

A guide to consumer health information in the areas of women's and newborn health.

Overview

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.  Symptomatic disease is generally mild and characterized by acute onset of fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis. Symptoms usually last from several days to 1 week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon, and fatalities are rare. 

Pregnant women can be infected with Zika virus in any trimester. The incidence of Zika virus infection in pregnant women is not currently known, and data on pregnant women infected with Zika virus are limited. No evidence exists to suggest that pregnant women are more susceptible to Zika virus infection or experience more severe disease during pregnancy.